Interpol’s Role and the Crimes it Deals With

Interpol’s Mission and Function

Interpol’s primary mission is to facilitate police cooperation across borders, promoting the prevention and detection of crime as well as the apprehension of fugitives. It acts as a central hub for law enforcement agencies worldwide, offering a range of essential services to member countries.

Crime Prevention and Investigation

Interpol actively assists member countries in preventing and investigating various types of crime. By providing access to databases and intelligence networks, Interpol enables law enforcement authorities to exchange critical information, identify criminals, and coordinate criminal investigations. This collaborative approach helps uncover hidden connections between crimes committed in different jurisdictions and contributes to the overall fight against transnational criminal activities.

Fighting Cybercrime

With the rapid advancement of technology, the threat of cybercrime has become increasingly prevalent. Interpol recognizes the importance of combating cybercriminals and works diligently to develop innovative strategies and tools to address this evolving challenge. Through its Global Complex for Innovation (IGCI), Interpol provides specialized training, conducts research, and facilitates cooperation to combat cybercrime effectively.

Terrorism and Extremist Activities

In response to the global threat of terrorism, Interpol plays a crucial role in counterterrorism efforts, supporting member countries in sharing intelligence, coordinating investigations, and apprehending individuals involved in terrorist activities. By issuing Red Notices, Interpol helps locate and arrest fugitives involved in terrorism-related offenses, contributing to the disruption of terrorist networks worldwide.

Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling

Interpol recognizes the grave impact of human trafficking and smuggling on society. The organization works tirelessly to combat these crimes, facilitating cooperation between countries to identify and dismantle elaborate criminal networks. Interpol provides assistance through various programs, including the Stolen and Lost Travel Documents database, which aims to detect and prevent human trafficking. Additionally, through capacity-building initiatives, Interpol equips law enforcement personnel with the necessary tools to combat these offenses effectively.

Environmental Crimes

Interpol acknowledges the harmful effects of environmental crimes, such as illegal wildlife trade, pollution, and illegal fishing, on global sustainability. In collaboration with member countries, Interpol undertakes initiatives to combat environmental crimes, sharing intelligence, coordinating actions, and assisting in investigations to address these grave offenses effectively.


Interpol’s overarching responsibility is to promote collaborative efforts among law enforcement agencies across the globe. By focusing on crime prevention, counterterrorism, cybercrime, human trafficking, environmental crimes, and other areas, Interpol plays an indispensable role in maintaining global security. Through its various programs, tools, and initiatives, Interpol continues to enhance international cooperation and strengthen the ability of law enforcement agencies worldwide to combat sophisticated and transnational criminal activities.

Iryna Berenstein
Associated Partner
Mrs. Berenstein is a distinguished and outstanding lawyer with profound experience and exceptional legal knowledge in the field of International Private Law, Financial Law, Corporate Law, investment regulation, Compliance, Data Protection, and Reputation Management.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the mission of the Interpol?
INTERPOL's mission is to facilitate global police collaboration in preventing and combating crime.
What do Interpol agents really do?
"Agents of Interpol" is a media creation; there are no such agents. Interpol is an international organization of governments aiding law enforcement cooperation. Member countries have liaisons to facilitate this process. For cross-border law enforcement actions, such as the Roman Polanski case, requests are passed through these liaisons following protocol and respecting each country's laws. The process involves the initiating law enforcement agency contacting its national Interpol liaison, who then communicates with their counterpart in the relevant country. The request is then forwarded to the appropriate local law enforcement. In Polanski's case, Swiss authorities arrested him, but he was not extradited and returned to France. Interpol's role is to smooth international law enforcement cooperation, ensuring diplomatic protocols are followed. It has no policing authority; police powers are restricted to officers within their own countries.
What sort of crimes does Interpol normally deal with?
Interpol promotes international cooperation against various crimes including corruption, counterfeit currency, crimes against children, cultural heritage crime, cybercrime, drug trafficking, environmental crime, financial crime, firearms trafficking, human trafficking, illicit goods, maritime crime, organized crime, people smuggling, terrorism, vehicle crimes, and war crimes. It operates 17 real-time police databases with information on crimes and criminals, including names, fingerprints, and stolen passports.
What crimes are investigated by INTERPOL?
Organized by INTERPOL, the operation targets serious crimes including murder, child sexual abuse, people smuggling, fraud, corruption, drug trafficking, environmental crimes, and money laundering.