Asylum in Germany

The admission of asylum seekers in Germany is regulated by the Asylum Procedure Act (AsylVfG). Those allowed entry by border authorities or found in the country without a residence permit are taken to the nearest reception center. They are then distributed to various state reception centers based on a formula outlined in the Asylum Procedure Act.

Asylum process in Germany

Asylum applications are submitted to the relevant branch of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) for review and decision. Asylum seekers receive a temporary residence permit for the duration of the asylum process in Germany.

BAMF case workers interview asylum seekers about their journey and reasons for fleeing, using interpreters. Female asylum seekers can request to be interviewed by a trained female case worker for gender-specific reasons. The interview is documented, translated into the seeker’s language, and a copy is provided to them. The asylum decision is based on this interview and any additional investigations. Asylum seekers receive the decision in writing, along with information on legal recourse.

If granted asylum or refugee status, individuals receive a temporary residence permit and access to the same social insurance benefits as Germans, including social welfare, child benefits, integration allowances, and language courses.

If asylum or refugee protection is not granted, BAMF assesses whether a deportation ban applies, ensuring prompt processing. This review is separate from the asylum procedure, with the responsible foreigner’s authority consulting BAMF for an expert opinion on the deportation ban. Typically, asylum seekers with rejected applications are required to leave Germany.

How can I apply for asylum?

The asylum procedure in Germany, governed by the German Asylum Act, determines if a person qualifies for asylum. This process includes several steps: application, Dublin examination, hearing, and decision-making. The official procedure starts with an asylum application, but before that, individuals must register as asylum seekers.

How does the German asylum procedure work?

  1. Requesting Asylum and Registeration
  2. Asylum application
  3. Dublin examination
  4. Hearing
  5. Decision

You will receive your asylum application decision in writing, so it’s crucial to inform the Federal Office of any address changes to ensure they can contact you.

The decision is based on your personal hearing, submitted documents, and information about your country of origin. The Office follows legal guidelines, first determining eligibility for refugee status and asylum. If denied, they assess if subsidiary protection applies. If not, they consider other reasons preventing your return home. The decision, including explanations for any denial, is sent by mail.

Important information

You must inform the Immigration Office and BAMF if you move to a new flat or are transferred to another accommodation center during your asylum procedure. Failing to update your address could lead to missing crucial letters, appointments, and information about your asylum case.

For assistance or advice on obtaining political asylum in Germany, contact our asylum lawyers for a consultation via messenger or by mail or our contact form. We offer comprehensive support, including accompanying you to all authorities and providing expert advice throughout the procedure.

Iryna Berenstein
Associated Partner
Mrs. Berenstein is a distinguished and outstanding lawyer with profound experience and exceptional legal knowledge in the field of International Private Law, Financial Law, Corporate Law, investment regulation, Compliance, Data Protection, and Reputation Management.

Asylum in Germany FAQ

How do I apply for asylum?
To formally apply for asylum, you'll get an appointment with the Federal Office through the reception center or registration office. You must appear in person at the designated Federal Office branch, with each adult filing their own application. If you don't speak German, a confidential language mediator will assist you, bound by secrecy and not permitted to share your information. After filing a formal application with BAMF, you will receive a temporary residence permit. This document confirms your permission to stay in Germany during the asylum process and entitles you to basic services as an asylum seeker. It also serves as your proof of arrival and can be used for identification with state authorities.
Which state is responsible for asylum seeking process?
Before questioning you about your reasons for fleeing, BAMF first determines if Germany is responsible for your asylum process. Asylum applications are examined only once within the EU and countries like Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, and Liechtenstein. BAMF will inquire about your first entry point into Europe. The responsible state is determined by the Dublin III Regulation, which considers factors like close relatives in the EU or the state that facilitated your EU entry. If Germany is responsible based on these criteria, your asylum process, including a personal interview, will take place in Germany.
Is Germany good for asylum seekers?
Right-wing politicians argue that migrants come to Germany for its higher state welfare, compared to other European countries. In Germany, everyone, including those with rejected asylum or residence applications, receives support, even if required to leave the country.
How much money do asylum seekers get in Germany?
Currently, asylum seekers not in reception facilities receive monthly benefits of €410 for singles and €738 for couples, with each municipality determining the distribution method for these state benefits.
How long can asylum seekers stay in Germany?
Upon being granted asylum, you'll receive a residence permit to live in Germany for three years. If your home country's situation remains unchanged, this permit can be renewed.
What happens if asylum is rejected in Germany?
If your asylum application is rejected by the BAMF, you are required to leave Germany. Those with a "simple" rejection have 30 days to depart.