The admission of asylum seekers in Germany is regulated by the Asylum Procedure Act (AsylVfG). Those allowed entry by border authorities or found in the country without a residence permit are taken to the nearest reception center. They are then distributed to various state reception centers based on a formula outlined in the Asylum Procedure Act.
Asylum applications are submitted to the relevant branch of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) for review and decision. Asylum seekers receive a temporary residence permit for the duration of the asylum process in Germany.
BAMF case workers interview asylum seekers about their journey and reasons for fleeing, using interpreters. Female asylum seekers can request to be interviewed by a trained female case worker for gender-specific reasons. The interview is documented, translated into the seeker’s language, and a copy is provided to them. The asylum decision is based on this interview and any additional investigations. Asylum seekers receive the decision in writing, along with information on legal recourse.
If granted asylum or refugee status, individuals receive a temporary residence permit and access to the same social insurance benefits as Germans, including social welfare, child benefits, integration allowances, and language courses.
If asylum or refugee protection is not granted, BAMF assesses whether a deportation ban applies, ensuring prompt processing. This review is separate from the asylum procedure, with the responsible foreigner’s authority consulting BAMF for an expert opinion on the deportation ban. Typically, asylum seekers with rejected applications are required to leave Germany.
The asylum procedure in Germany, governed by the German Asylum Act, determines if a person qualifies for asylum. This process includes several steps: application, Dublin examination, hearing, and decision-making. The official procedure starts with an asylum application, but before that, individuals must register as asylum seekers.
You will receive your asylum application decision in writing, so it’s crucial to inform the Federal Office of any address changes to ensure they can contact you.
The decision is based on your personal hearing, submitted documents, and information about your country of origin. The Office follows legal guidelines, first determining eligibility for refugee status and asylum. If denied, they assess if subsidiary protection applies. If not, they consider other reasons preventing your return home. The decision, including explanations for any denial, is sent by mail.
You must inform the Immigration Office and BAMF if you move to a new flat or are transferred to another accommodation center during your asylum procedure. Failing to update your address could lead to missing crucial letters, appointments, and information about your asylum case.
For assistance or advice on obtaining political asylum in Germany, contact our asylum lawyers for a consultation via messenger or by mail or our contact form. We offer comprehensive support, including accompanying you to all authorities and providing expert advice throughout the procedure.