You qualify as an asylum-seeker in Georgia if you’ve applied for international protection to a relevant state agency, such as the Ministry of Internal Affairs or the Migration Department, and are awaiting a decision. To be registered as an asylum-seeker, you must be a foreigner or stateless person outside your home country, seeking protection in Georgia due to fear of persecution or serious harm back home.
Following the asylum procedure, you may receive refugee status, humanitarian status, or face rejection. For more information on these procedures and statuses, you can consult the Migration Department, UNHCR, the Ombudsman Office, or NGOs.
Under the 1951 Geneva Convention, a refugee is someone outside their home country, fearing persecution based on race, religion, nationality, social group, or political opinion, and unable to seek protection in that country.
The 2018 Law of Georgia defines a humanitarian status holder as someone ineligible for refugee status but facing risks like the death penalty, torture, or severe threats in their home country due to violence, conflict, or human rights violations.
If you enter Georgia irregularly (without proper documents) and seek international protection, declare your intention immediately. If you enter legally, apply for protection as soon as you can. You can express your wish for protection to any state authority you first encounter, like the border or patrol police, or directly to the Migration Department. Be prepared for individual interviews with the Migration Department, where your family may also be involved. Remember, all interviews and records are confidential, accessible only to the Migration Department staff handling your application. It’s crucial to always tell the truth and provide detailed reasons for leaving your country during the asylum process.
If you need international protection, you can apply for asylum at any state agency or the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia. Your asylum application will be processed by the Ministry, including an interview within four months. Typically, the review takes six months, but complex cases may extend to nine months. The entire process won’t exceed 21 months from your application date.
The Ministry will interview you and any adult family members with you. Before the interview, officials will outline the asylum procedure and your rights. Be ready for an individual interview, where honesty and detailed information about your reasons for seeking protection are crucial. Bring all relevant documents, including ID, civil, educational, and work-related documents.
All interview content and recordings are confidential, accessible only to authorized officials and relevant Georgian state agencies involved in the asylum process. You’re entitled to an interpreter and can request a change if you don’t understand them.
Bring all supporting documents for your asylum claim to the Division of International Protection Issues of the Migration Department, including:
The Ministry will either grant you refugee or humanitarian status, or reject your application. You’ll receive the decision in writing in a language you understand.
If the Ministry denies your application, you can appeal to the court within one month of receiving the decision. Your appeal will be heard first by the Tbilisi City Court and then by the Tbilisi Court of Appeals. For free legal assistance, contact the Legal Aid Service of Georgia.
As an asylum-seeker in Georgia, you have the following rights:
As an asylum-seeker in Georgia, you must:
For assistance or advice on obtaining asylum in Georgia, contact our asylum lawyersfor a consultation via messenger or by mail or our contact form. We offer comprehensive support, including accompanying you to all authorities and providing expert advice throughout the procedure.