The Interpol Red Notice is a key tool against transnational crime and fugitives, allowing global law enforcement collaboration to apprehend criminals fleeing justice. Issued by Interpol, it helps identify, locate, and facilitate the extradition of high-profile criminals. Enhanced global connectivity and intelligence sharing have bolstered its effectiveness in global security.
A Red Notice includes the individual’s identity (name, nationality, birth date, eye and hair color, fingerprints, photos) and details of the crime (terrorism, cybercrime, organized crime). Its validity depends on compliance with Interpol’s rules. Once validated, the fugitive can be arrested in any member state during border crossings, travel, or domestically.
However, Interpol cannot mandate member states to arrest individuals on the Red Notice list. Members have the discretion to honor or refuse these requests within their jurisdictions.
|Locate and arrest individuals for prosecution or serving a sentence.
|Valid national arrest warrant, serious crime, compliant with Interpol’s Constitution.
|Non-binding; an advisory tool for law enforcement information exchange.
|Submitted by the requesting country’s National Central Bureau to Interpol.
|Review and Approval
|Interpol’s General Secretariat checks for compliance, validity, and information accuracy.
|Shared with all 194 Interpol member countries via the I-24/7 system.
|Depends on country; may include extradition treaties, ad hoc arrangements, or diplomacy.
|Issues may arise with national sovereignty and legal system conflicts.
|Risk of misuse for political or personal reasons, affecting credibility.
A Red Notice issued by INTERPOL aims to locate and arrest individuals for extradition or similar lawful action. Contrary to common belief, a Red Notice is not an “international arrest warrant.” It simply notifies member countries that a person is sought based on a national arrest warrant or a court decision, either from a country or an international tribunal.
Red Notices must comply with INTERPOL’s constitution, focusing on significant ordinary-law crimes unrelated to behavioral or cultural norms, family matters, private disputes, or trivial issues not linked to organized crime. They also need to meet a certain sentence threshold. For more detailed information about what a Red Notice is and isn’t, visit the INTERPOL website.
When a country issues a Red Notice, it’s typically for individuals suspected of committing serious crimes like murder, rape, or genocide, either in their home country or abroad. The suspect is considered innocent until proven guilty.
Interpol’s specialized task force reviews all Red Notices for compliance with its rules and regulations. They evaluate the civil, political, and human rights aspects versus the criminal aspects of the case to determine its validity according to the guidelines in Interpol’s Constitution.
Interpol’s Red Notice List is a crucial international tool for locating and capturing fugitives involved in serious crimes like terrorism, human trafficking, and crimes against humanity. This list, supported by around 200 member countries, is continuously updated with new intelligence, enhancing global safety and promoting international justice cooperation.
Interpol Red Notices are requests from member countries to find and arrest individuals for prosecution or sentencing. Countries use these notices differently based on their specific crime concerns:
These varied uses reflect each country’s specific law enforcement priorities and challenges.
To issue a Red Notice, these steps are followed: