Interpol Red Notice

The Interpol Red Notice is a key tool against transnational crime and fugitives, allowing global law enforcement collaboration to apprehend criminals fleeing justice. Issued by Interpol, it helps identify, locate, and facilitate the extradition of high-profile criminals. Enhanced global connectivity and intelligence sharing have bolstered its effectiveness in global security.

A Red Notice includes the individual’s identity (name, nationality, birth date, eye and hair color, fingerprints, photos) and details of the crime (terrorism, cybercrime, organized crime). Its validity depends on compliance with Interpol’s rules. Once validated, the fugitive can be arrested in any member state during border crossings, travel, or domestically.

However, Interpol cannot mandate member states to arrest individuals on the Red Notice list. Members have the discretion to honor or refuse these requests within their jurisdictions.

Overview of Interpol Red Notice

Main PointsDescription
PurposeLocate and arrest individuals for prosecution or serving a sentence.
CriteriaValid national arrest warrant, serious crime, compliant with Interpol’s Constitution.
Binding NatureNon-binding; an advisory tool for law enforcement information exchange.
Request ProcessSubmitted by the requesting country’s National Central Bureau to Interpol.
Review and ApprovalInterpol’s General Secretariat checks for compliance, validity, and information accuracy.
CirculationShared with all 194 Interpol member countries via the I-24/7 system.
Extradition FrameworksDepends on country; may include extradition treaties, ad hoc arrangements, or diplomacy.
Jurisdictional IssuesIssues may arise with national sovereignty and legal system conflicts.
Potential MisuseRisk of misuse for political or personal reasons, affecting credibility.

What does Interpol red notice mean?

A Red Notice issued by INTERPOL aims to locate and arrest individuals for extradition or similar lawful action. Contrary to common belief, a Red Notice is not an “international arrest warrant.” It simply notifies member countries that a person is sought based on a national arrest warrant or a court decision, either from a country or an international tribunal.

Red Notices must comply with INTERPOL’s constitution, focusing on significant ordinary-law crimes unrelated to behavioral or cultural norms, family matters, private disputes, or trivial issues not linked to organized crime. They also need to meet a certain sentence threshold. For more detailed information about what a Red Notice is and isn’t, visit the INTERPOL website.

Who is Subject of Interpol Red Notice?

When a country issues a Red Notice, it’s typically for individuals suspected of committing serious crimes like murder, rape, or genocide, either in their home country or abroad. The suspect is considered innocent until proven guilty.

Interpol’s specialized task force reviews all Red Notices for compliance with its rules and regulations. They evaluate the civil, political, and human rights aspects versus the criminal aspects of the case to determine its validity according to the guidelines in Interpol’s Constitution.

Who is on Interpol’s red notice list?

Interpol’s Red Notice List is a crucial international tool for locating and capturing fugitives involved in serious crimes like terrorism, human trafficking, and crimes against humanity. This list, supported by around 200 member countries, is continuously updated with new intelligence, enhancing global safety and promoting international justice cooperation.

Interpol Red Notices are requests from member countries to find and arrest individuals for prosecution or sentencing. Countries use these notices differently based on their specific crime concerns:

  • United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Germany, France, Australia, Spain, Mexico, Belgium, Sweden, Norway, Iran, Nigeria: Focus on terrorism, drug trafficking, human trafficking, and financial crimes.
  • China, Switzerland, Taiwan, Austria, United Arab Emirates: Emphasize economic crimes like corruption and money laundering.
  • Japan, South Korea: Target organized crime, financial fraud, and cybercrimes.
  • Brazil, Italy, Poland, Thailand, Indonesia: Pursue individuals involved in corruption, organized crime, and drug trafficking.
  • India, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey: Concentrate on terrorism, organized crime, and financial crimes.

These varied uses reflect each country’s specific law enforcement priorities and challenges.

Steps to request an Interpol Red Notice

To issue a Red Notice, these steps are followed:

  1. The requesting nation’s National Central Bureau (NCB) submits a request to Interpol’s General Secretariat.
  2. The request must include all relevant information: suspect’s identification, description, photo, fingerprints (if available), and details of the suspected crime.
  3. The requesting NCB needs to provide evidence of a valid national arrest warrant.
Iryna Berenstein
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Mrs. Berenstein is a distinguished and outstanding lawyer with profound experience and exceptional legal knowledge in the field of International Private Law, Financial Law, Corporate Law, investment regulation, Compliance, Data Protection, and Reputation Management.

Red Notice FAQ

What is an Interpol red notice?
A Red Notice from Interpol signifies a search for a suspect for potential extradition for trial or to an international tribunal. Information and updates on Red Notices can be found on Interpol's official website. Law firms specializing in Red Notice cases assist in accessing the notice in the database, providing legal advice, and offering assistance to verify information and challenge charges if they are based on false information.
What people have a Red Notice?
A Red Notice can be issued to anyone through the following process: The General Prosecutor's Office sends the request to the National Bureau of Interpol, which then forwards it to Interpol's headquarters in Lyon, France. The Secretary General of Interpol makes the final decision on notifying member states that a specific individual is wanted.
Are Red Notices legally binding?
Red Notices are information-sharing tools for law enforcement agencies and do not legally obligate member countries to arrest or extradite individuals.
How does a country request a Red Notice?
To obtain a Red Notice, a nation's National Central Bureau (NCB) must submit a request to Interpol's General Secretariat, including the suspect's name, description, photo, fingerprints (if available), and details of the suspected crime, along with confirmation of a valid national arrest warrant.
Can Red Notices be misused for political or personal purposes?
Yes, Red Notices can be misused for personal or political motives. Governments have been accused of exploiting the system to target political dissidents, activists, or opponents, undermining the system's credibility and potentially leading to human rights abuses.