Extradition Lawyers

Extradition Process

  1. Request: A foreign country formally requests extradition of an individual, accused or convicted of a crime, through diplomatic channels or an extradition treaty.
  2. Arrest and Detention: If located in the requested country, the individual may be arrested and detained for the extradition proceedings.
  3. Hearing: A court determines the individual’s eligibility for extradition, considering if the crime is recognized in both countries, the evidence’s sufficiency, and the fairness of the trial in the requesting country.
  4. Decision: The court decides on the extradition request. If granted, the individual is extradited for trial or to serve a sentence. If denied, they may be released.
  5. Appeal: The individual can appeal a granted extradition to a higher court.
  6. Extradition: After legal appeals, if granted, the individual is extradited to face trial or serve a sentence.
  7. Sentence: If convicted, the individual serves the sentence in the requesting country and may be returned home upon completion.

At Collegium of International Lawyers LP, our services in extradition matters include:

  1. Pre-Extradition Guidance: We offer strategic advice and make preemptive appeals before the Secretariat authorities when Interpol hasn’t initiated extradition.
  2. Collaboration: Our team, including Immigration, Asylum, and Nationality experts, collaborates to counter diplomatic pressures in extradition cases.
  3. Detention Consultation: We advise clients on surrender procedures and ensure legal support during questioning to impact proceedings positively and facilitate bail.
  4. Extradition Defense: Our attorneys formally challenge extradition requests in court, leveraging expert insights and comprehensive case analysis.
  5. Legal Updates: We constantly update our knowledge and inform clients about the latest developments in extradition law.
  6. Extradition Dismissal Efforts: We compile case laws, synthesize arguments, and consult international lawyers to build a strong defense against extradition.
  7. Negotiations: When beneficial, we negotiate with official representatives to find a mutually agreeable solution, always prioritizing our clients’ interests.
  8. High Court Representation: Our lawyers represent clients in appeals to the highest courts, including the Supreme Court and the ECHR, striving for favorable outcomes.
  9. Global Prevention of Extradition: We provide expert legal services to prevent extradition internationally.
  10. Family Consideration: Recognizing the impact on families, we focus on innovative strategies to minimize the hardship of separation due to extradition.

What is an Extradition Treaty?

An extradition treaty specifies conditions for extradition between two countries, including a defined list of crimes eligible for extradition. Extradition can also occur without a treaty, based on diplomatic relations.

Key principles in an extradition treaty include:

  • Specificity: Extradition applies only to crimes listed in the treaty.
  • Prima Facie Requirement: The requested country must believe there’s sufficient evidence against the wanted person.
  • Fair Trial Assurance: The fugitive is entitled to a fair trial post-extradition.
  • Crime Specificity: Extradition must be for the crime committed in the requesting country.
  • Dual Criminality: The crime must be illegal in both the sending and requesting countries.

Purpose of Extradition

Extradition of a fugitive is driven by several key reasons:

  • Mutual Justice: To ensure criminals are not unpunished, countries cooperate to bring offenders to justice.
  • National Interests: Countries protect their interests by surrendering wanted persons.
  • Deterrence: Extradition serves as a warning to criminals that they cannot escape punishment by fleeing to other countries.
  • International Cooperation: It facilitates closer international collaboration in solving crimes.
  • Optimal Trial Conditions: The requesting nation is typically better equipped to try the offender, having direct access to evidence.

Alternatives to international extradition

  • Waiver: The wanted person voluntarily agrees to transfer to the requesting country, bypassing the extradition process.
  • Deportation: Some countries choose to deport the wanted individual, sidestepping the formal extradition process.
  • Extraordinary Rendition: This involves forcibly removing a fugitive from a refuge country, often bypassing judicial processes, although this is considered illegal by human rights groups.
  • Foreign Prosecution: The country where the fugitive is located prosecutes them, especially if they are a national and not subject to extradition.

How do we work?

We specialize in cases related to International and European arrest warrants in various countries such as Albania, Australia, Switzerland, USA and others. We provide advice and support in extradition matters, as well as expert opinions and advice on criminal law and procedure.

We advise clients on their rights and obligations under mutual legal assistance agreements, how best to prevent risks and how to interact with investigative authorities. Our lawyers also advise many individuals in connection with Interpol Red Notices, which are issued at the request of an Interpol member country indicating that it is seeking the provisional arrest of a person for the purpose of extradition. In extradition, WFP and Interpol cases, we have excellent contacts with leading local lawyers in other jurisdictions and we often work with them to achieve the best results for our clients.

Even if you only suspect that an extradition request is on the way or that Interpol may be processing data relating to you, it is worth being prepared. Taking preventive measures can also allow us to avoid unexpected arrest and put in place procedures that maximize your chances of being released on bail.

Iryna Berenstein
Associated Partner
Mrs. Berenstein is a distinguished and outstanding lawyer with profound experience and exceptional legal knowledge in the field of International Private Law, Financial Law, Corporate Law, investment regulation, Compliance, Data Protection, and Reputation Management.

Extradition FAQ

What is extradition?
Extradition involves transferring a person from the United Kingdom to another country where they are charged or convicted of crimes, to face prosecution or serve a sentence. The UK has extradition agreements with many countries, outlining conditions for extradition. It may be denied for military, political reasons, or to countries that impose the death penalty.
How can I appeal extradition decision?
If subject to an European Arrest Warrant (EAW), you can apply to the High Court for permission to appeal within seven days of an extradition ruling. If granted, your appeal will be heard, and if successful, the extradition order will be revoked. In England, Northern Ireland, and Wales, you can further appeal to the Supreme Court. However, in Scotland, the Supreme Court only hears extradition cases involving 'devolution questions'. Appeals to the Supreme Court are limited to legal questions of broad public interest. If extradited from a category 2 state, you can appeal a judge's referral of your case to the UK Secretary of State in the High Court within 14 days of the decision. The High Court reviews the appeal only after the Secretary of State orders extradition. Dissatisfaction with the High Court's decision can lead to a petition for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court within 14 days of the ruling. Appeals to the Supreme Court are permitted only if the High Court certifies the case as involving a significant legal question.
How do I challenge an extradition request?
Extradition requests are contested in court, where the defense often cites the consequences of extradition, including personal circumstances, family separation, potential for inhumane treatment, humanitarian concerns, and hardship. These arguments are presented in legal settings to seek relief from extradition. A skilled expert in this field knows how to effectively argue these cases.